Letter Reference

Letter Table

Here's a reference table that shows all the letters by place and manner of articulation:

Articulation
Tenuis Plosive
Voiced Plosive
Aspirated Plosive
Breathy Plosive
Ejective Plosive
Implosive
Unvoiced Fricative
Voiced Fricative
Ejective Fricative
Nasal
Murmured Nasal
Lateral
Liquid
Rhotic
Click
Semivowel
Close Vowel
Close-Mid Vowel
Open-Mid Vowel
Open Vowel
Suffix
Comments Labial-
Velar
Tap Fricative Flap Affricate
Sibilant
Rounded Emph Nasal

Letter List

And here is a list of all the Shwa letters that are in the codeset, which we'll discuss on the next page.

CodepointLetter Name TransIPAX-SAMPAUnicode Name
E070chīchīxs SHWA DOT MARK
E071chīdjōar ˩˧SHWA LOW RISING ACCENT
E072chīrē al ˨ SHWA LOW LEVEL ACCENT
E073chīzhūaf ˧˩SHWA LOW FALLING ACCENT
E074djōchīar_hi˧˥SHWA HIGH RISING ACCENT
E075djōdjōar_ar?SHWA DOUBLE RISING ACCENT
E076djōrē ar_al˩˥˧SHWA RISE FALLING FINAL ACCENT
E077djōzhūar_af˩˥˧SHWA RISE FALLING ACCENT
E078rēchī al_hi˦ SHWA HIGH LEVEL ACCENT
E079rēdjō al_ar˧˥SHWA HIGH RISING FINAL ACCENT
E07Arērē al_al.SHWA DOUBLE LEVEL ACCENT
E07Brēzhū al_af˥˩˧SHWA FALL RISING FINAL ACCENT
E07Czhūchīaf_hi˥˧SHWA HIGH FALLING ACCENT
E07Dzhūdjōaf_ar˥˩˧SHWA FALL RISING ACCENT
E07Ezhūrē af_al˥˧SHWA HIGH FALLING FINAL ACCENT
E07Fzhūzhūaf_af!SHWA DOUBLE FALLING ACCENT
E080shāchīxl_hiːSHWA HIGH LONG MARK
E081chīdjōxl_ar[SHWA SUM SYMBOL
E082chīrē xl_al-SHWA SUBTRACTION SYMBOL
E083chīzhūxl_af]SHWA ADDITION SYMBOL
E084chīshāxl ːSHWA LOW LONG MARK
E085djōchīxl_ar(SHWA MULTIPLICATION SYMBOL
E086rēchī xl_al÷SHWA DIVISION SYMBOL
E087zhūchīxl_af)SHWA PRODUCT SYMBOL
E088kōchī i_hi ɪi ISHWA HIGH CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E089kōdjō i_ar SHWA HIGH RISING CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E08Akōrē i_al SHWA HIGH LEVEL CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E08Bkōzhū i_af SHWA HIGH FALLING CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E08Cchīkō i SHWA LOW CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E08Ddjōkō ar_i SHWA LOW RISING CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E08Erēkō al_i SHWA LOW LEVEL CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E08Fzhūkō af_i SHWA LOW FALLING CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E090gēchī ee_hi eeSHWA HIGH CLOSE-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E091gēdjō ee_ar SHWA HIGH RISING CLOSE-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E092gērē ee_al SHWA HIGH LEVEL CLOSE-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E093gēzhū ee_af SHWA HIGH FALLING CLOSE-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E094chīgē ee SHWA LOW CLOSE-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E095djōgē ar_ee SHWA LOW RISING CLOSE-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E096rēgē al_ee SHWA LOW LEVEL CLOSE-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E097zhūgē af_ee SHWA LOW FALLING CLOSE-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E098lūchī e_hi ɛESHWA HIGH OPEN-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E099lūdjō e_ar SHWA HIGH RISING OPEN-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E09Alūrē e_al SHWA HIGH LEVEL OPEN-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E09Blūzhū e_af SHWA HIGH FALLING OPEN-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E09Cchīlū e SHWA LOW OPEN-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E09Ddjōlū ar_e SHWA LOW RISING OPEN-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E09Erēlū al_e SHWA LOW LEVEL OPEN-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E09Fzhūlū af_e SHWA LOW FALLING OPEN-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0A0yāchī ae_hiæ{SHWA HIGH OPEN FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0A1yādjō ae_arSHWA HIGH RISING OPEN FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0A2yārē ae_alSHWA HIGH LEVEL OPEN FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0A3yāzhū ae_afSHWA HIGH FALLING OPEN FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0A4chīyā ae SHWA LOW OPEN FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0A5djōyā ar_aeSHWA LOW RISING OPEN FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0A6rēyā al_aeSHWA LOW LEVEL OPEN FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0A7zhūyā af_aeSHWA LOW FALLING OPEN FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0A8wīchī hm_hi~~SHWA HIGH SYLLABIC NASAL
E0A9wīdjō hm_arSHWA HIGH RISING SYLLABIC NASAL
E0AAwīrē hm_alSHWA HIGH LEVEL SYLLABIC NASAL
E0ABwīzhū hm_afSHWA HIGH FALLING SYLLABIC NASAL
E0ACchīwī hm SHWA LOW SYLLABIC NASAL
E0ADdjōwī ar_hmSHWA LOW RISING SYLLABIC NASAL
E0AErēwī al_hmSHWA LOW LEVEL SYLLABIC NASAL
E0AFzhūwī af_hmSHWA LOW FALLING SYLLABIC NASAL
E0B0tēchī ih_hiɨM I\ 1 7SHWA HIGH CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0B1tēdjō ih_arSHWA HIGH RISING CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0B2tērē ih_alSHWA HIGH LEVEL CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0B3tēzhū ih_afSHWA HIGH FALLING CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0B4chītē ih SHWA LOW CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0B5djōtē ar_ihSHWA LOW RISING CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0B6rētē al_ihSHWA LOW LEVEL CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0B7zhūtē af_ihSHWA LOW FALLING CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0B8dūchī eh_hiə@ @\ V 6SHWA HIGH MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0B9dūdjō eh_arSHWA HIGH RISING MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0BAdūrē eh_alSHWA HIGH LEVEL MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0BBdūzhū eh_afSHWA HIGH FALLING MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0BCchīdū eh SHWA LOW MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0BDdjōdū ar_ehSHWA LOW RISING MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0BErēdū al_ehSHWA LOW LEVEL MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0BFzhūdū af_ehSHWA LOW FALLING MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0C0nāchī oe_hiœ2 8 9 &SHWA HIGH MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0C1nādjō oe_arSHWA HIGH RISING MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0C2nārē oe_alSHWA HIGH LEVEL MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0C3nāzhū oe_afSHWA HIGH FALLING MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0C4chīnā oe SHWA LOW MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0C5djōnā ar_oeSHWA LOW RISING MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0C6rēnā al_oeSHWA LOW LEVEL MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0C7zhūnā af_oeSHWA LOW FALLING MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0C8zīchī a_hi aa ASHWA HIGH OPEN BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0C9zīdjō a_ar SHWA HIGH RISING OPEN BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0CAzīrē a_al SHWA HIGH LEVEL OPEN BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0CBzīzhū a_af SHWA HIGH FALLING OPEN BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0CCchīzī a SHWA LOW OPEN BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0CDdjōzī ar_a SHWA LOW RISING OPEN BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0CErēzī al_a SHWA LOW LEVEL OPEN BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0CFzhūzī af_a SHWA LOW FALLING OPEN BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0D0sōchī er_hiɚ3 3\SHWA CENTRAL RHOTIC VOWEL
E0D1sōdjō er_arSHWA HIGH RISING CENTRAL RHOTIC VOWEL
E0D2sōrē er_alSHWA HIGH LEVEL CENTRAL RHOTIC VOWEL
E0D3sōzhū er_afSHWA HIGH FALLING CENTRAL RHOTIC VOWEL
E0D4chīsō er SHWA LOW CENTRAL RHOTIC VOWEL
E0D5djōsō ar_erSHWA LOW RISING CENTRAL RHOTIC VOWEL
E0D6rēsō al_erSHWA LOW LEVEL CENTRAL RHOTIC VOWEL
E0D7zhūsō af_erSHWA LOW FALLING CENTRAL RHOTIC VOWEL
E0D8pūchī u_hi uu USHWA HIGH CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0D9pūdjō u_ar SHWA HIGH RISING CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0DApūrē u_al SHWA HIGH LEVEL CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0DBpūzhū u_af SHWA HIGH FALLING CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0DCchīpū u SHWA LOW CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0DDdjōpū ar_u SHWA LOW RISING CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0DErēpū al_u SHWA LOW LEVEL CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0DFzhūpū af_u SHWA LOW FALLING CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E0bāchī oh_hi ooSHWA HIGH CLOSE-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E1bādjō oh_ar SHWA HIGH RISING CLOSE-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E2bārē oh_al SHWA HIGH LEVEL CLOSE-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E3bāzhū oh_af SHWA HIGH FALLING CLOSE-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E4chībā oh SHWA LOW CLOSE-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E5djōbā ar_oh SHWA LOW RISING CLOSE-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E6rēbā al_oh SHWA LOW LEVEL CLOSE-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E7zhūbā af_oh SHWA LOW FALLING CLOSE-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E8mīchī o_hi ɔOSHWA HIGH OPEN-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E9mīdjō o_ar SHWA HIGH RISING OPEN-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0EAmīrē o_al SHWA HIGH LEVEL OPEN-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0EBmīzhū o_af SHWA HIGH FALLING OPEN-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0ECchīmī o SHWA LOW OPEN-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0EDdjōmī ar_o SHWA LOW RISING OPEN-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0EErēmī al_o SHWA LOW LEVEL OPEN-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0EFzhūmī af_o SHWA LOW FALLING OPEN-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0F0vōchī ah_hiɑO QSHWA HIGH OPEN BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0F1vōdjō ah_arSHWA HIGH RISING OPEN BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0F2vōrē ah_alSHWA HIGH LEVEL OPEN BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0F3vōzhū ah_afSHWA HIGH FALLING OPEN BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0F4chīvō ah SHWA LOW OPEN BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0F5djōvō ar_ahSHWA LOW RISING OPEN BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0F6rēvō al_ahSHWA LOW LEVEL OPEN BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0F7zhūvō af_ahSHWA LOW FALLING OPEN BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0F8fēchī ue_hiyy Y U\ }SHWA HIGH CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0F9fēdjō ue_arSHWA HIGH RISING CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0FAfērē ue_alSHWA HIGH LEVEL CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0FBfēzhū ue_afSHWA HIGH FALLING CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0FCchīfē ue SHWA LOW CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0FDdjōfē ar_ueSHWA LOW RISING CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0FErēfē al_ueSHWA LOW LEVEL CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0FFzhūfē af_ueSHWA LOW FALLING CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E100shāshāxb --SHWA BREAK
E101shākō y jlSHWA PALATAL SEMIVOWEL
E102shāgē hy SHWA FRONTING SEMIVOWEL
E103shālū vw ʋP v\SHWA LABIODENTAL APPROXIMANT
E104shāyā xa ´´SHWA ACUTE SUFFIX
E105shāwī xn ~-~SHWA NASAL SUFFIX
E106shātē yh ɰM\SHWA VELAR SEMIVOWEL
E107shāvō xe _oSHWA EMPHATIC SUFFIX
E108shānā xc ʔ? >\SHWA GLOTTAL STOP
E109shādjōxg ``SHWA GRAVE SUFFIX
E10Ashāsō wr ɻ ɹr\` r\SHWA RETROFLEX SEMIVOWEL
E10Bshāpū w ww WSHWA ROUND VELAR SEMIVOWEL
E10Cshābā hw SHWA BACKING SEMIVOWEL
E10Dshāmī h h ɦhSHWA GLOTTAL FRICATIVE
E10Eshāfē wh SHWA OPENING SEMIVOWEL
E10Fshāfē yw ɥHSHWA ROUND PALATAL SEMIVOWEL
E110kōshā nx n_tSHWA MURMURED ALVEOLAR NASAL
E111kōkō nyx ɲʱJ_tSHWA MURMURED PALATAL NASAL
E112kōgē mx m_tSHWA MURMURED BILABIAL NASAL
E118kōnā ngx ŋʱN_tSHWA MURMURED VELAR NASAL
E11Akōsō nrx ɳʱn`_tSHWA MURMURED RETROFLEX NASAL
E120gēshā tc t_>SHWA EJECTIVE ALVEOLAR PLOSIVE
E121gēkō kyc c_>SHWA EJECTIVE PALATAL PLOSIVE
E122gēgē pc p_>SHWA EJECTIVE BILABIAL PLOSIVE
E127gēdū kqc q_>SHWA EJECTIVE UVULAR PLOSIVE
E128gēnā kc k_>SHWA EJECTIVE VELAR PLOSIVE
E12Agēsō trc ʈʼt`_>SHWA EJECTIVE RETROFLEX PLOSIVE
E12Bgēpū tlc tɬʼtK_>SHWA EJECTIVE LATERAL AFFRICATE
E12Cgēbā tsc ʦʼts_>SHWA EJECTIVE HISSING AFFRICATE
E12Dgēmī chc ʧʼtS_>SHWA EJECTIVE HUSHING AFFRICATE
E12Egēvō tsrc tʂʼts`_>SHWA EJECTIVE RETROFLEX AFFRICATE
E12Fgēfē tsyc ʨʼts\_>SHWA EJECTIVE PALATAL AFFRICATE
E130lūshā tx t_hSHWA ASPIRATED ALVEOLAR PLOSIVE
E131lūkō kyx c_hSHWA ASPIRATED PALATAL PLOSIVE
E132lūgē px p_hSHWA ASPIRATED BILABIAL PLOSIVE
E137lūdū kqx q_hSHWA ASPIRATED UVULAR PLOSIVE
E138lūnā kx k_hSHWA ASPIRATED VELAR PLOSIVE
E13Alūsō trx t_hSHWA ASPIRATED RETROFLEX PLOSIVE
E13Blūpū tlx tɬʰtK_hSHWA ASPIRATED LATERAL AFFRICATE
E13Clūbā tsx ʦʰts_hSHWA ASPIRATED HISSING AFFRICATE
E13Dlūmī chx ʧʰtS_hSHWA ASPIRATED HUSHING AFFRICATE
E13Elūvō tsrx tʂʰts`_hSHWA ASPIRATED RETROFLEX AFFRICATE
E13Flūfē tsyx ʨʰts\_hSHWA ASPIRATED PALATAL AFFRICATE
E140yāshā t ttSHWA TENUIS ALVEOLAR PLOSIVE
E141yākō ky ʨ ccSHWA TENUIS PALATAL PLOSIVE
E142yāgē p ppSHWA TENUIS BILABIAL PLOSIVE
E143yālū kp ͡kpkpSHWA TENUIS LABIAL-VELAR PLOSIVE
E147yādū kq qqSHWA TENUIS UVULAR PLOSIVE
E148yānā k kkSHWA TENUIS VELAR PLOSIVE
E149yādjō qqk ʡ>/SHWA TENUIS EPIGLOTTAL PLOSIVE
E14Ayāsō tr ʈt`SHWA TENUIS RETROFLEX PLOSIVE
E14Byāpū tl tKSHWA TENUIS LATERAL AFFRICATE
E14Cyābā ts ʦtsSHWA TENUIS HISSING AFFRICATE
E14Dyāmī ch ʧtSSHWA TENUIS HUSHING AFFRICATE
E14Eyāvō tsr tʂʼts`SHWA TENUIS RETROFLEX AFFRICATE
E14Fyāfē tsy ʨʼts\SHWA TENUIS PALATAL AFFRICATE
E150wīshā n nnSHWA ALVEOLAR NASAL
E151wīkō ny ɲJSHWA PALATAL NASAL
E152wīgē m mm FSHWA BILABIAL NASAL
E153wīlū ngm ͡ŋmNmSHWA LABIAL-VELAR NASAL
E157wīdū nq ɴN\SHWA UVULAR NASAL
E158wīnā ng ŋNSHWA VELAR NASAL
E15Awīsō nr ɳn`SHWA RETROFLEX NASAL
E160tēshā cd ǀ|\SHWA DENTAL CLICK
E162tēgē cb ʘO\SHWA BILABIAL CLICK
E16Btēpū cl ǁ|\|\SHWA LATERAL CLICK
E16Ctēbā ca ǃ!\SHWA ALVEOLAR CLICK
E16Dtēmī cp ǂ=\SHWA PALATAL CLICK
E170dūshā dc ɗd_<SHWA VOICED ALVEOLAR IMPLOSIVE
E171dūkō gyc ʄJ\_<SHWA VOICED PALATAL IMPLOSIVE
E172dūgē bc ɓb_<SHWA VOICED BILABIAL IMPLOSIVE
E177dūdū gqc ʛG\_<SHWA VOICED UVULAR IMPLOSIVE
E17Adūsō drc d`_<SHWA VOICED RETROFLEX IMPLOSIVE
E17Ddūmī gc ɠg_<SHWA VOICED VELAR IMPLOSIVE
E180nāshā d ddSHWA VOICED ALVEOLAR PLOSIVE
E181nākō gy ʥ ɟJ\SHWA VOICED PALATAL PLOSIVE
E182nāgē b bbSHWA VOICED BILABIAL PLOSIVE
E183nālū gb ͡ɡbgbSHWA VOICED LABIAL-VELAR PLOSIVE
E187nādū gq ɢG\SHWA VOICED UVULAR PLOSIVE
E188nānā g ɡgSHWA VOICED VELAR PLOSIVE
E18Anāsō dr ɖd`SHWA VOICED RETROFLEX PLOSIVE
E18Bnāpū dl dKSHWA VOICED LATERAL AFFRICATE
E18Cnābā dz ʣdzSHWA VOICED HISSING AFFRICATE
E18Dnāmī dj ʤdZSHWA VOICED HUSHING AFFRICATE
E18Enāvō dzr dz`SHWA VOICED RETROFLEX AFFRICATE
E18Fnāfē dzy ʥdz\SHWA VOICED PALATAL AFFRICATE
E190zīshā dx d_tSHWA BREATHY ALVEOLAR PLOSIVE
E191zīkō gyx ɟʱj\_tSHWA BREATHY PALATAL PLOSIVE
E192zīgē bx b_tSHWA BREATHY BILABIAL PLOSIVE
E197zīdū gqx ɢʱG\_tSHWA BREATHY UVULAR PLOSIVE
E198zīnā gx ɡʱg_tSHWA BREATHY VELAR PLOSIVE
E19Azīsō drx ɖʱd`_tSHWA BREATHY RETROFLEX PLOSIVE
E19Czībā dzx ʣʱdz_tSHWA BREATHY HISSING AFFRICATE
E19Dzīmī djx ʤʱdZ_tSHWA BREATHY HUSHING AFFRICATE
E1A0sōshā r ɾ4SHWA ALVEOLAR TAP
E1A2sōgē brr ʙB\SHWA BILABIAL TRILL
E1A3sōlū br SHWA LABIODENTAL FLAP
E1A7sōdū rq ʀR\SHWA UVULAR TRILL
E1AAsōmī rz r̝rSHWA FRICATIVE TRILL
E1ABsōpū rl l_0SHWA LATERAL FLAP
E1ACsōbā rr rrSHWA ALVEOLAR TRILL
E1ADsōsō rh ɽrSHWA RETROFLEX FLAP
E1AEsōvō rrr r_rSHWA RETROFLEX TRILL
E1B0pūshā l 1lSHWA ALVEOLAR LATERAL APPROXIMANT
E1B1pūkō ly ʎLSHWA PALATAL LATERAL APPROXIMANT
E1B8pūnā ll ʟL\ 5SHWA VELAR LATERAL APPROXIMANT
E1BApūsō lr ɭl`SHWA RETROFLEX LATERAL APPROXIMANT
E1BCpūbā lz ɮK\SHWA VOICED ALVEOLAR LATERAL FRICATIVE
E1BDpūmī lzh ʟ˔SHWA VOICED VELAR LATERAL FRICATIVE
E1C0bāshā thc θʼD_>SHWA EJECTIVE DENTAL FRICATIVE
E1C3bālū fc f_>SHWA EJECTIVE LABIODENTAL FRICATIVE
E1C7bādū khqc χʼX_>SHWA EJECTIVE UVULAR FRICATIVE
E1C8bānā khc x_>SHWA EJECTIVE VELAR FRICATIVE
E1CCbābā sc s_>SHWA EJECTIVE HISSING SIBILANT
E1CDbāmī shc ʃʼS_>SHWA EJECTIVE HUSHING SIBILANT
E1CEbāvō src ʂʼs`SHWA EJECTIVE RETROFLEX SIBILANT
E1CFbāfē syc ɕʼs\SHWA EJECTIVE PALATAL SIBILANT
E1D0mīshā dh ðDSHWA VOICED DENTAL FRICATIVE
E1D1mīkō ghy ʝj\SHWA VOICED PALATAL FRICATIVE
E1D2mīlū bh βBSHWA VOICED BILABIAL FRICATIVE
E1D3mīgē v vv v\ PSHWA VOICED LABIODENTAL FRICATIVE
E1D4mīyā q ʕ?\SHWA VOICED PHARYNGEAL FRICATIVE
E1D7mīdū ghq ʁRSHWA VOICED UVULAR FRICATIVE
E1D8mīnā gh ɣGSHWA VOICED VELAR FRICATIVE
E1D9mīdjō qq ʢ<\SHWA VOICED EPIGLOTTAL FRICATIVE
E1DCmībā z zzSHWA VOICED HISSING SIBILANT
E1DDmīmī zh ʒZSHWA VOICED HUSHING SIBILANT
E1DEmīvō zr ʐz`SHWA VOICED RETROFLEX SIBILANT
E1DFmīfē zy ʑz\SHWA VOICED PALATAL SIBILANT
E1E0vōshā th θtSHWA UNVOICED DENTAL FRICATIVE
E1E1vōkō khy çcSHWA UNVOICED PALATAL FRICATIVE
E1E2vōgē ph ɸp\SHWA UNVOICED BILABIAL FRICATIVE
E1E3vōlū f ffSHWA UNVOICED LABIODENTAL FRICATIVE
E1E4vōyā qh ħX\SHWA UNVOICED PHARYNGEAL FRICATIVE
E1E7vōdū khq χXSHWA UNVOICED UVULAR FRICATIVE
E1E8vōnā kh xx x\SHWA UNVOICED VELAR FRICATIVE
E1E9vōdjō qqh ʜH\SHWA UNVOICED EPIGLOTTAL FRICATIVE
E1ECvōbā s ssSHWA UNVOICED ALVEOLAR SIBILANT
E1EDvōmī sh ʃsSHWA UNVOICED POSTALVEOLAR SIBILANT
E1EEvōvō sr ʂs`SHWA UNVOICED RETROFLEX SIBILANT
E1EFvōfē sy ɕs\SHWA UNVOICED PALATAL SIBILANT
E1F0fēshā rx 4_tSHWA UNVOICED ALVEOLAR TRILL
E1F3fēlū vwx ʋʱP_t v\SHWA MURMURED LABIODENTAL APPROXIMANT
E1FAfēsō rhx ɽʱr_tSHWA MURMURED RETROFLEX FLAP
E1FCfēbā ls ɬKSHWA UNVOICED ALVEOLAR LATERAL FRICATIVE
E1FDfēmī lsh ʟ˔˚SHWA UNVOICED VELAR LATERAL FRICATIVE

Transliteration

The Trans column in the list above refers to the standard set of transliterations of Shwa into the Roman alphabet. In the transliterations, the following letters have special meanings:


< Letter Names Digital Shwa >


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