Letter Reference

Letter Table

Here's a reference table that shows all the letters by place and manner of articulation:

Articulation
Tenuis Plosive
Voiced Plosive
Aspirated Plosive
Breathy Plosive
Ejective Plosive
Implosive
Unvoiced Fricative
Voiced Fricative
Ejective Fricative
Nasal
Murmured Nasal
Lateral
Liquid
Rhotic
Click
Semivowel
Close Vowel
Close-Mid Vowel
Open-Mid Vowel
Open Vowel
Suffix
Comments Labial-
Velar
Tap Fricative Flap Affricate
Sibilant
Rounded Emph Nasal

Letter List

And here is a list of all the Shwa letters that are in the codeset, which we'll discuss on the next page.

CodepointLetter Name TransIPAX-SAMPAUnicode Name
E070chīchīxs SHWA LETTER DOT
E071chīdjōar ˩˧SHWA LETTER LOW RISING ACCENT
E072chīrē al ˨ SHWA LETTER LOW LEVEL ACCENT
E073chīzhūaf ˧˩SHWA LETTER LOW FALLING ACCENT
E074djōchīar_hi˧˥SHWA LETTER HIGH RISING ACCENT
E075djōdjōar_ar?SHWA LETTER DOUBLE RISING ACCENT
E076djōrē ar_al˩˥˧SHWA LETTER RISE FALLING FINAL ACCENT
E077djōzhūar_af˩˥˧SHWA LETTER RISE FALLING ACCENT
E078rēchī al_hi˦ SHWA LETTER HIGH LEVEL ACCENT
E079rēdjō al_ar˧˥SHWA LETTER HIGH RISING FINAL ACCENT
E07Arērē al_al.SHWA LETTER DOUBLE LEVEL ACCENT
E07Brēzhū al_af˥˩˧SHWA LETTER FALL RISING FINAL ACCENT
E07Czhūchīaf_hi˥˧SHWA LETTER HIGH FALLING ACCENT
E07Dzhūdjōaf_ar˥˩˧SHWA LETTER FALL RISING ACCENT
E07Ezhūrē af_al˥˧SHWA LETTER HIGH FALLING FINAL ACCENT
E07Fzhūzhūaf_af!SHWA LETTER DOUBLE FALLING ACCENT
E080shāchīxl_hiːSHWA LETTER HIGH LONG SUFFIX
E084chīshāxl SHWA LETTER LOW LONG SUFFIX
E088kōchī i_hi ɪi ISHWA LETTER HIGH CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E089kōdjō i_ar SHWA LETTER HIGH RISING CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E08Akōrē i_al SHWA LETTER HIGH LEVEL CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E08Bkōzhū i_af SHWA LETTER HIGH FALLING CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E08Cchīkō i SHWA LETTER LOW CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E08Ddjōkō ar_i SHWA LETTER LOW RISING CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E08Erēkō al_i SHWA LETTER LOW LEVEL CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E08Fzhūkō af_i SHWA LETTER LOW FALLING CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E090gēchī ee_hi eeSHWA LETTER HIGH CLOSE-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E091gēdjō ee_ar SHWA LETTER HIGH RISING CLOSE-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E092gērē ee_al SHWA LETTER HIGH LEVEL CLOSE-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E093gēzhū ee_af SHWA LETTER HIGH FALLING CLOSE-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E094chīgē ee SHWA LETTER LOW CLOSE-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E095djōgē ar_ee SHWA LETTER LOW RISING CLOSE-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E096rēgē al_ee SHWA LETTER LOW LEVEL CLOSE-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E097zhūgē af_ee SHWA LETTER LOW FALLING CLOSE-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E098lūchī e_hi ɛESHWA LETTER HIGH OPEN-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E099lūdjō e_ar SHWA LETTER HIGH RISING OPEN-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E09Alūrē e_al SHWA LETTER HIGH LEVEL OPEN-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E09Blūzhū e_af SHWA LETTER HIGH FALLING OPEN-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E09Cchīlū e SHWA LETTER LOW OPEN-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E09Ddjōlū ar_e SHWA LETTER LOW RISING OPEN-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E09Erēlū al_e SHWA LETTER LOW LEVEL OPEN-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E09Fzhūlū af_e SHWA LETTER LOW FALLING OPEN-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0A0yāchī ae_hiæ{SHWA LETTER HIGH OPEN FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0A1yādjō ae_arSHWA LETTER HIGH RISING OPEN FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0A2yārē ae_alSHWA LETTER HIGH LEVEL OPEN FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0A3yāzhū ae_afSHWA LETTER HIGH FALLING OPEN FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0A4chīyā ae SHWA LETTER LOW OPEN FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0A5djōyā ar_aeSHWA LETTER LOW RISING OPEN FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0A6rēyā al_aeSHWA LETTER LOW LEVEL OPEN FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0A7zhūyā af_aeSHWA LETTER LOW FALLING OPEN FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0A8wīchī hm_hi~~SHWA LETTER HIGH SYLLABIC NASAL
E0A9wīdjō hm_arSHWA LETTER HIGH RISING SYLLABIC NASAL
E0AAwīrē hm_alSHWA LETTER HIGH LEVEL SYLLABIC NASAL
E0ABwīzhū hm_afSHWA LETTER HIGH FALLING SYLLABIC NASAL
E0ACchīwī hm SHWA LETTER LOW SYLLABIC NASAL
E0ADdjōwī ar_hmSHWA LETTER LOW RISING SYLLABIC NASAL
E0AErēwī al_hmSHWA LETTER LOW LEVEL SYLLABIC NASAL
E0AFzhūwī af_hmSHWA LETTER LOW FALLING SYLLABIC NASAL
E0B0tēchī ih_hiɨM I\ 1 7SHWA LETTER HIGH CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0B1tēdjō ih_arSHWA LETTER HIGH RISING CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0B2tērē ih_alSHWA LETTER HIGH LEVEL CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0B3tēzhū ih_afSHWA LETTER HIGH FALLING CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0B4chītē ih SHWA LETTER LOW CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0B5djōtē ar_ihSHWA LETTER LOW RISING CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0B6rētē al_ihSHWA LETTER LOW LEVEL CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0B7zhūtē af_ihSHWA LETTER LOW FALLING CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0B8dūchī eh_hiə@ @\ V 6SHWA LETTER HIGH MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0B9dūdjō eh_arSHWA LETTER HIGH RISING MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0BAdūrē eh_alSHWA LETTER HIGH LEVEL MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0BBdūzhū eh_afSHWA LETTER HIGH FALLING MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0BCchīdū eh SHWA LETTER LOW MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0BDdjōdū ar_ehSHWA LETTER LOW RISING MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0BErēdū al_ehSHWA LETTER LOW LEVEL MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0BFzhūdū af_ehSHWA LETTER LOW FALLING MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0C0nāchī oe_hiœ2 8 9 &SHWA LETTER HIGH MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0C1nādjō oe_arSHWA LETTER HIGH RISING MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0C2nārē oe_alSHWA LETTER HIGH LEVEL MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0C3nāzhū oe_afSHWA LETTER HIGH FALLING MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0C4chīnā oe SHWA LETTER LOW MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0C5djōnā ar_oeSHWA LETTER LOW RISING MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0C6rēnā al_oeSHWA LETTER LOW LEVEL MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0C7zhūnā af_oeSHWA LETTER LOW FALLING MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0C8zīchī a_hi aa ASHWA LETTER HIGH OPEN BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0C9zīdjō a_ar SHWA LETTER HIGH RISING OPEN BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0CAzīrē a_al SHWA LETTER HIGH LEVEL OPEN BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0CBzīzhū a_af SHWA LETTER HIGH FALLING OPEN BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0CCchīzī a SHWA LETTER LOW OPEN BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0CDdjōzī ar_a SHWA LETTER LOW RISING OPEN BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0CErēzī al_a SHWA LETTER LOW LEVEL OPEN BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0CFzhūzī af_a SHWA LETTER LOW FALLING OPEN BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0D0sōchī er_hiɚ3 3\SHWA LETTER CENTRAL RHOTIC VOWEL
E0D1sōdjō er_arSHWA LETTER HIGH RISING CENTRAL RHOTIC VOWEL
E0D2sōrē er_alSHWA LETTER HIGH LEVEL CENTRAL RHOTIC VOWEL
E0D3sōzhū er_afSHWA LETTER HIGH FALLING CENTRAL RHOTIC VOWEL
E0D4chīsō er SHWA LETTER LOW CENTRAL RHOTIC VOWEL
E0D5djōsō ar_erSHWA LETTER LOW RISING CENTRAL RHOTIC VOWEL
E0D6rēsō al_erSHWA LETTER LOW LEVEL CENTRAL RHOTIC VOWEL
E0D7zhūsō af_erSHWA LETTER LOW FALLING CENTRAL RHOTIC VOWEL
E0D8pūchī u_hi uu USHWA LETTER HIGH CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0D9pūdjō u_ar SHWA LETTER HIGH RISING CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0DApūrē u_al SHWA LETTER HIGH LEVEL CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0DBpūzhū u_af SHWA LETTER HIGH FALLING CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0DCchīpū u SHWA LETTER LOW CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0DDdjōpū ar_u SHWA LETTER LOW RISING CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0DErēpū al_u SHWA LETTER LOW LEVEL CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0DFzhūpū af_u SHWA LETTER LOW FALLING CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E0bāchī oh_hi ooSHWA LETTER HIGH CLOSE-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E1bādjō oh_ar SHWA LETTER HIGH RISING CLOSE-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E2bārē oh_al SHWA LETTER HIGH LEVEL CLOSE-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E3bāzhū oh_af SHWA LETTER HIGH FALLING CLOSE-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E4chībā oh SHWA LETTER LOW CLOSE-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E5djōbā ar_oh SHWA LETTER LOW RISING CLOSE-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E6rēbā al_oh SHWA LETTER LOW LEVEL CLOSE-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E7zhūbā af_oh SHWA LETTER LOW FALLING CLOSE-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E8mīchī o_hi ɔOSHWA LETTER HIGH OPEN-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E9mīdjō o_ar SHWA LETTER HIGH RISING OPEN-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0EAmīrē o_al SHWA LETTER HIGH LEVEL OPEN-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0EBmīzhū o_af SHWA LETTER HIGH FALLING OPEN-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0ECchīmī o SHWA LETTER LOW OPEN-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0EDdjōmī ar_o SHWA LETTER LOW RISING OPEN-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0EErēmī al_o SHWA LETTER LOW LEVEL OPEN-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0EFzhūmī af_o SHWA LETTER LOW FALLING OPEN-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0F0vōchī ah_hiɑO QSHWA LETTER HIGH OPEN BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0F1vōdjō ah_arSHWA LETTER HIGH RISING OPEN BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0F2vōrē ah_alSHWA LETTER HIGH LEVEL OPEN BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0F3vōzhū ah_afSHWA LETTER HIGH FALLING OPEN BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0F4chīvō ah SHWA LETTER LOW OPEN BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0F5djōvō ar_ahSHWA LETTER LOW RISING OPEN BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0F6rēvō al_ahSHWA LETTER LOW LEVEL OPEN BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0F7zhūvō af_ahSHWA LETTER LOW FALLING OPEN BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0F8fēchī ue_hiyy Y U\ }SHWA LETTER HIGH CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0F9fēdjō ue_arSHWA LETTER HIGH RISING CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0FAfērē ue_alSHWA LETTER HIGH LEVEL CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0FBfēzhū ue_afSHWA LETTER HIGH FALLING CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0FCchīfē ue SHWA LETTER LOW CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0FDdjōfē ar_ueSHWA LETTER LOW RISING CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0FErēfē al_ueSHWA LETTER LOW LEVEL CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0FFzhūfē af_ueSHWA LETTER LOW FALLING CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E100shāshāxb --SHWA LETTER BREAK
E101shākō y jlSHWA LETTER PALATAL SEMIVOWEL
E102shāgē hy SHWA LETTER FRONTING SEMIVOWEL
E103shālū vw ʋP v\SHWA LETTER LABIODENTAL APPROXIMANT
E104shāyā xa ´´SHWA LETTER ACUTE SUFFIX
E105shāwī xn ~-~SHWA LETTER NASAL SUFFIX
E106shātē yh ɰM\SHWA LETTER VELAR SEMIVOWEL
E107shāvō xe _oSHWA LETTER EMPHATIC SUFFIX
E108shānā xc ʔ? >\SHWA LETTER GLOTTAL STOP
E109shādjōxg ``SHWA LETTER GRAVE SUFFIX
E10Ashāsō wr ɻ ɹr\` r\SHWA LETTER RETROFLEX SEMIVOWEL
E10Bshāpū w ww WSHWA LETTER ROUND VELAR SEMIVOWEL
E10Cshābā hw SHWA LETTER BACKING SEMIVOWEL
E10Dshāmī h h ɦhSHWA LETTER GLOTTAL FRICATIVE
E10Eshāfē wh SHWA LETTER OPENING SEMIVOWEL
E10Fshāfē yw ɥHSHWA LETTER ROUND PALATAL SEMIVOWEL
E110kōshā nx n_tSHWA LETTER MURMURED ALVEOLAR NASAL
E112kōgē mx m_tSHWA LETTER MURMURED BILABIAL NASAL
E118kōnā ngx ŋʱN_tSHWA LETTER MURMURED VELAR NASAL
E11Akōsō nrx ɳʱn`_tSHWA LETTER MURMURED RETROFLEX NASAL
E120gēshā tc t_>SHWA LETTER EJECTIVE ALVEOLAR PLOSIVE
E121gēkō kyc c_>SHWA LETTER EJECTIVE PALATAL PLOSIVE
E122gēgē pc p_>SHWA LETTER EJECTIVE BILABIAL PLOSIVE
E127gēdū kqc q_>SHWA LETTER EJECTIVE UVULAR PLOSIVE
E128gēnā kc k_>SHWA LETTER EJECTIVE VELAR PLOSIVE
E12Agēsō trc ʈʼt`_>SHWA LETTER EJECTIVE RETROFLEX PLOSIVE
E12Bgēpū tlc tɬʼtK_>SHWA LETTER EJECTIVE LATERAL AFFRICATE
E12Cgēbā tsc ʦʼts_>SHWA LETTER EJECTIVE HISSING AFFRICATE
E12Dgēmī chc ʧʼtS_>SHWA LETTER EJECTIVE HUSHING AFFRICATE
E12Egēvō tsrc tʂʼts`_>SHWA LETTER EJECTIVE RETROFLEX AFFRICATE
E12Fgēfē tsyc ʨʼts\_>SHWA LETTER EJECTIVE PALATAL AFFRICATE
E130lūshā tx t_hSHWA LETTER ASPIRATED ALVEOLAR PLOSIVE
E131lūkō kyx c_hSHWA LETTER ASPIRATED PALATAL PLOSIVE
E132lūgē px p_hSHWA LETTER ASPIRATED BILABIAL PLOSIVE
E137lūdū kqx q_hSHWA LETTER ASPIRATED UVULAR PLOSIVE
E138lūnā kx k_hSHWA LETTER ASPIRATED VELAR PLOSIVE
E13Alūsō trx t_hSHWA LETTER ASPIRATED RETROFLEX PLOSIVE
E13Blūpū tlx tɬʰtK_hSHWA LETTER ASPIRATED LATERAL AFFRICATE
E13Clūbā tsx ʦʰts_hSHWA LETTER ASPIRATED HISSING AFFRICATE
E13Dlūmī chx ʧʰtS_hSHWA LETTER ASPIRATED HUSHING AFFRICATE
E13Elūvō tsrx tʂʰts`_hSHWA LETTER ASPIRATED RETROFLEX AFFRICATE
E13Flūfē tsyx ʨʰts\_hSHWA LETTER ASPIRATED PALATAL AFFRICATE
E140yāshā t ttSHWA LETTER TENUIS ALVEOLAR PLOSIVE
E141yākō ky ʨ ccSHWA LETTER TENUIS PALATAL PLOSIVE
E142yāgē p ppSHWA LETTER TENUIS BILABIAL PLOSIVE
E143yālū kp ͡kpkpSHWA LETTER TENUIS LABIAL-VELAR PLOSIVE
E147yādū kq qqSHWA LETTER TENUIS UVULAR PLOSIVE
E148yānā k kkSHWA LETTER TENUIS VELAR PLOSIVE
E149yādjō qqk ʡ>/SHWA LETTER TENUIS EPIGLOTTAL PLOSIVE
E14Ayāsō tr ʈt`SHWA LETTER TENUIS RETROFLEX PLOSIVE
E14Byāpū tl tKSHWA LETTER TENUIS LATERAL AFFRICATE
E14Cyābā ts ʦtsSHWA LETTER TENUIS HISSING AFFRICATE
E14Dyāmī ch ʧtSSHWA LETTER TENUIS HUSHING AFFRICATE
E14Eyāvō tsr tʂʼts`SHWA LETTER TENUIS RETROFLEX AFFRICATE
E14Fyāfē tsy ʨʼts\SHWA LETTER TENUIS PALATAL AFFRICATE
E150wīshā n nnSHWA LETTER ALVEOLAR NASAL
E151wīkō ny ɲJSHWA LETTER PALATAL NASAL
E152wīgē m mm FSHWA LETTER BILABIAL NASAL
E153wīlū ngm ͡ŋmNmSHWA LETTER LABIAL-VELAR NASAL
E157wīdū nq ɴN\SHWA LETTER UVULAR NASAL
E158wīnā ng ŋNSHWA LETTER VELAR NASAL
E15Awīsō nr ɳn`SHWA LETTER RETROFLEX NASAL
E160tēshā cd ǀ|\SHWA LETTER DENTAL CLICK
E162tēgē cb ʘO\SHWA LETTER BILABIAL CLICK
E16Btēpū cl ǁ|\|\SHWA LETTER LATERAL CLICK
E16Ctēbā ca ǃ!\SHWA LETTER ALVEOLAR CLICK
E16Dtēmī cp ǂ=\SHWA LETTER PALATAL CLICK
E170dūshā dc ɗd_<SHWA LETTER VOICED ALVEOLAR IMPLOSIVE
E171dūkō gyc ʄJ\_<SHWA LETTER VOICED PALATAL IMPLOSIVE
E172dūgē bc ɓb_<SHWA LETTER VOICED BILABIAL IMPLOSIVE
E177dūdū gqc ʛG\_<SHWA LETTER VOICED UVULAR IMPLOSIVE
E17Adūsō drc d`_<SHWA LETTER VOICED RETROFLEX IMPLOSIVE
E17Ddūmī gc ɠg_<SHWA LETTER VOICED VELAR IMPLOSIVE
E180nāshā d ddSHWA LETTER VOICED ALVEOLAR PLOSIVE
E181nākō gy ʥ ɟJ\SHWA LETTER VOICED PALATAL PLOSIVE
E182nāgē b bbSHWA LETTER VOICED BILABIAL PLOSIVE
E183nālū gb ͡ɡbgbSHWA LETTER VOICED LABIAL-VELAR PLOSIVE
E187nādū gq ɢG\SHWA LETTER VOICED UVULAR PLOSIVE
E188nānā g ɡgSHWA LETTER VOICED VELAR PLOSIVE
E18Anāsō dr ɖd`SHWA LETTER VOICED RETROFLEX PLOSIVE
E18Bnāpū dl dKSHWA LETTER VOICED LATERAL AFFRICATE
E18Cnābā dz ʣdzSHWA LETTER VOICED HISSING AFFRICATE
E18Dnāmī dj ʤdZSHWA LETTER VOICED HUSHING AFFRICATE
E18Enāvō dzr dz`SHWA LETTER VOICED RETROFLEX AFFRICATE
E18Fnāfē dzy ʥdz\SHWA LETTER VOICED PALATAL AFFRICATE
E190zīshā dx d_tSHWA LETTER BREATHY ALVEOLAR PLOSIVE
E191zīkō gyx ɟʱj\_tSHWA LETTER BREATHY PALATAL PLOSIVE
E192zīgē bx b_tSHWA LETTER BREATHY BILABIAL PLOSIVE
E197zīdū gqx ɢʱG\_tSHWA LETTER BREATHY UVULAR PLOSIVE
E198zīnā gx ɡʱg_tSHWA LETTER BREATHY VELAR PLOSIVE
E19Azīsō drx ɖʱd`_tSHWA LETTER BREATHY RETROFLEX PLOSIVE
E19Czībā dzx ʣʱdz_tSHWA LETTER BREATHY HISSING AFFRICATE
E19Dzīmī djx ʤʱdZ_tSHWA LETTER BREATHY HUSHING AFFRICATE
E1A0sōshā r ɾ4SHWA LETTER ALVEOLAR TAP
E1A1sōkō ry r_rSHWA LETTER PALATAL TRILL
E1A2sōgē brr ʙB\SHWA LETTER BILABIAL TRILL
E1A3sōlū br SHWA LETTER LABIAL FLAP
E1A7sōdū rq ʁR\SHWA LETTER UVULAR TRILL
E1AAsōsō rrr ͡ɽrSHWA LETTER RETROFLEX TRILL
E1ABfēpū rl l_0SHWA LETTER LATERAL FLAP
E1ACsōbā rr rrSHWA LETTER ALVEOLAR TRILL
E1ADsōmī rh ɽrSHWA LETTER RETROFLEX FLAP
E1B0pūshā l 1lSHWA LETTER ALVEOLAR LATERAL APPROXIMANT
E1B1pūkō ly ʎLSHWA LETTER PALATAL LATERAL APPROXIMANT
E1B8pūnā ll ʟL\ 5SHWA LETTER VELAR LATERAL APPROXIMANT
E1BApūsō lr ɭl`SHWA LETTER RETROFLEX LATERAL APPROXIMANT
E1BCpūbā lz ɮK\SHWA LETTER VOICED ALVEOLAR LATERAL FRICATIVE
E1BDpūmī lzh ʟ˔SHWA LETTER VOICED VELAR LATERAL FRICATIVE
E1C0bāshā thc θʼD_>SHWA LETTER EJECTIVE DENTAL FRICATIVE
E1C3bālū fc f_>SHWA LETTER EJECTIVE LABIODENTAL FRICATIVE
E1C7bādū khqc χʼX_>SHWA LETTER EJECTIVE UVULAR FRICATIVE
E1C8bānā khc x_>SHWA LETTER EJECTIVE VELAR FRICATIVE
E1CCbābā sc s_>SHWA LETTER EJECTIVE HISSING SIBILANT
E1CDbāmī shc ʃʼS_>SHWA LETTER EJECTIVE HUSHING SIBILANT
E1CEbāvō src ʂʼs`SHWA LETTER EJECTIVE RETROFLEX SIBILANT
E1CFbāfē syc ɕʼs\SHWA LETTER EJECTIVE PALATAL SIBILANT
E1D0mīshā dh ðDSHWA LETTER VOICED DENTAL FRICATIVE
E1D1mīkō ghy ʝj\SHWA LETTER VOICED PALATAL FRICATIVE
E1D2mīlū bh βBSHWA LETTER VOICED BILABIAL FRICATIVE
E1D3mīgē v vv v\ PSHWA LETTER VOICED LABIODENTAL FRICATIVE
E1D4mīyā q ʕ?\SHWA LETTER VOICED PHARYNGEAL FRICATIVE
E1D7mīdū ghq ʁRSHWA LETTER VOICED UVULAR FRICATIVE
E1D8mīnā gh ɣGSHWA LETTER VOICED VELAR FRICATIVE
E1D9mīdjō qq ʢ<\SHWA LETTER VOICED EPIGLOTTAL FRICATIVE
E1DCmībā z zzSHWA LETTER VOICED HISSING SIBILANT
E1DDmīmī zh ʒZSHWA LETTER VOICED HUSHING SIBILANT
E1DEmīvō zr ʐz`SHWA LETTER VOICED RETROFLEX SIBILANT
E1DFmīfē zy ʑz\SHWA LETTER VOICED PALATAL SIBILANT
E1E0vōshā th θtSHWA LETTER UNVOICED DENTAL FRICATIVE
E1E1vōkō khy çcSHWA LETTER UNVOICED PALATAL FRICATIVE
E1E2vōlū ph ɸp\SHWA LETTER UNVOICED BILABIAL FRICATIVE
E1E3vōgē f ffSHWA LETTER UNVOICED LABIODENTAL FRICATIVE
E1E4vōyā qh ħX\SHWA LETTER UNVOICED PHARYNGEAL FRICATIVE
E1E7vōdū khq χXSHWA LETTER UNVOICED UVULAR FRICATIVE
E1E8vōnā kh xx x\SHWA LETTER UNVOICED VELAR FRICATIVE
E1E9vōdjō qqh ʜH\SHWA LETTER UNVOICED EPIGLOTTAL FRICATIVE
E1ECvōbā s ssSHWA LETTER UNVOICED ALVEOLAR SIBILANT
E1EDvōmī sh ʃsSHWA LETTER UNVOICED POSTALVEOLAR SIBILANT
E1EEvōvō sr ʂs`SHWA LETTER UNVOICED RETROFLEX SIBILANT
E1EFvōfē sy ɕs\SHWA LETTER UNVOICED PALATAL SIBILANT
E1F0fēbā rx 4_tSHWA LETTER MURMURED ALVEOLAR TAP
E1F3fēlū vwx ʋʱP_t v\SHWA LETTER MURMURED LABIODENTAL APPROXIMANT
E1FAfēmī rhx ɽʱr_tSHWA LETTER MURMURED RETROFLEX FLAP
E1FCfēbā ls ɬKSHWA LETTER VOICELESS ALVEOLAR LATERAL FRICATIVE
E1FDfēmī lsh ʟ˔˚SHWA LETTER VOICELESS VELAR LATERAL FRICATIVE

Numerals

CodepointNumeral Transcription Unicode Name
E000 0 SHWA NUMERAL ZERO
E001 1 SHWA NUMERAL ONE
E002 2 SHWA NUMERAL TWO
E003 3 SHWA NUMERAL THREE
E004 4 SHWA NUMERAL FOUR
E005 5 SHWA NUMERAL FIVE
E006 6 SHWA NUMERAL SIX
E007 7 SHWA NUMERAL SEVEN
E008 8 SHWA NUMERAL EIGHT
E009 9 SHWA NUMERAL NINE
E00A -6 SHWA NUMERAL NEGATIVE SIX
E00B -5 SHWA NUMERAL NEGATIVE FIVE
E00C -4 SHWA NUMERAL NEGATIVE FOUR
E00D -3 SHWA NUMERAL NEGATIVE THREE
E00E -2 SHWA NUMERAL NEGATIVE TWO
E00F -1 SHWA NUMERAL NEGATIVE ONE
E010 -0 SHWA NUMERAL NEGATIVE ZERO
E011 - SHWA NUMERAL NEGATIVE SIGN
E012 / SHWA NUMERAL RECIPROCAL SIGN
E013 +i SHWA NUMERAL POSITIVE IMAGINARY SIGN
E014 -i SHWA NUMERAL NEGATIVE IMAGINARY SIGN
E015 . SHWA NUMERAL POINT SIGN
E016 ° SHWA NUMERAL DECADE SIGN
E017 * SHWA NUMERAL DECIMAL SIGN
E018 ª SHWA NUMERAL ORDINAL SIGN
E019 . SHWA NUMERAL RADIX SIGN
E01A ° SHWA NUMERAL DEGREE SIGN
E01B * SHWA NUMERAL DOZENAL SIGN
E01C ª SHWA NUMERAL ORDER SIGN
E01Dx SHWA NUMERAL HEXADECIMAL SIGN
E01F & SHWA NUMERAL REPEATER
E020 [ SHWA NUMERAL OPEN SUM SIGN
E021 - SHWA NUMERAL SUBTRACTION SIGN
E022 ] SHWA NUMERAL CLOSE SUM SIGN
E023 ( SHWA NUMERAL OPEN PRODUCT SIGN
E024 ÷ SHWA NUMERAL DIVISION SIGN
E025 ) SHWA NUMERAL CLOSE PRODUCT SIGN
E026 ^ SHWA NUMERAL POWER SIGN
E027 SHWA NUMERAL BASE SIGN
E028 { SHWA NUMERAL OPEN FUNCTION SIGN
E029 } SHWA NUMERAL CLOSE FUNCTION SIGN
E030 = SHWA NUMERAL EQUAL SIGN
E031 SHWA NUMERAL UNEQUAL SIGN
E032 > SHWA NUMERAL GREATER THAN SIGN
E033 < SHWA NUMERAL LESS THAN SIGN
E034 SHWA NUMERAL GREATER EQUAL SIGN
E035 SHWA NUMERAL LESS EQUAL SIGN
E036 SHWA NUMERAL APPROXIMATE SIGN
E037 SHWA NUMERAL EQUIVALENT SIGN
E038 SHWA NUMERAL DEFINITION SIGN

Transliteration

The Trans column in the list above refers to the standard set of transliterations of Shwa into the Roman alphabet. In the transliterations, the following letters have special meanings:


< Letter Names Digital Shwa >


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