Letter Reference

Letter Table

Here's a reference table that shows all the letters by place and manner of articulation:

Articulation
Tenuis Plosive
Voiced Plosive
Aspirated Plosive
Breathy Plosive
Ejective Plosive
Implosive
Unvoiced Fricative
Voiced Fricative
Ejective Fricative
Nasal
Murmured Nasal
Lateral
Liquid
Rhotic
Click
Semivowel
Close Vowel
Near-Close Vowel
Close-Mid Vowel
Open-Mid Vowel
Open Vowel
Suffix
Comments Labial-
Velar
Tap Fricative Flap Affricate
Sibilant
Rounded Phar Nasal

Letter List

And here is a list of all the Musa letters that are in the codeset, which we'll discuss on the next page. (Trans shows our standard Roman transliteration, IPA shows the equivalent in the International Phonetic Alphabet, and X-S in X-SAMPA.) Click on the line to hear the sound that letter represents; if you hear a bell, that means we don't have a recording. The sound clips are from Wikipedia and are used in accordance with the Creative Commons license.

CodepointLetter NameTransIPAX-SUnicode Name
E040 waiwaixd MUSA DOT
E041 waifiar˩˧MUSA LOW RISING ACCENT
E042 waifaal˩ MUSA LOW LEVEL ACCENT
E043 waifuaf˧˩MUSA LOW FALLING ACCENT
E044 fiwaiar_hi˧˥MUSA HIGH RISING ACCENT
E045 fifiar_ar?MUSA DOUBLE RISING ACCENT
E046 fifaar_al˥˩MUSA RISE FALLING FINAL ACCENT
E047 fifuar_af˧˥˩MUSA RISE FALLING ACCENT
E048 fawaial_hi˥ MUSA HIGH LEVEL ACCENT
E049 fafial_ar˧˥˥MUSA HIGH RISING FINAL ACCENT
E04A fafaal_al.MUSA DOUBLE LEVEL ACCENT
E04B fafual_af˩˩˧MUSA FALL RISING FINAL ACCENT
E04C fuwaiaf_hi˥˧MUSA HIGH FALLING ACCENT
E04D fufiaf_ar˧˩˥MUSA FALL RISING ACCENT
E04E fufaaf_al˥˧˩MUSA HIGH FALLING FINAL ACCENT
E04F fufuaf_af!MUSA DOUBLE FALLING ACCENT
E050 yauwaixl_hiːMUSA HIGH LONG MARK
E051 yaufixl_ar[MUSA HIGH RISING LONG MARK
E052 yaufaxl_al,MUSA HIGH LEVEL LONG MARK
E053 yaufuxl_af]MUSA HIGH FALLING LONG MARK
E054 waiyauxlːMUSA LOW LONG MARK
E055 fiyauxl_ar(MUSA LOW RISING LONG MARK
E056 fayauxl_al¹MUSA LOW LEVEL LONG MARK
E057 fuyauxl_af)MUSA LOW FALLING LONG MARK
E058 nuwaixn_hi˜˜MUSA HIGH NASAL VOWEL
E059 nufixn_arMUSA HIGH RISING NASAL VOWEL
E05A nufaxn_alMUSA HIGH LEVEL NASAL VOWEL
E05B nufuxn_afMUSA HIGH FALLING NASAL VOWEL
E05C wainuxnMUSA LOW NASAL VOWEL
E05D finuar_xnMUSA LOW RISING NASAL VOWEL
E05E fanual_xnMUSA LOW LEVEL NASAL VOWEL
E05F funuaf_xnMUSA LOW FALLING NASAL VOWEL
E060 miwaieu_hiɨ
ɯ
1
M
MUSA HIGH CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E061 mifieu_arMUSA HIGH RISING CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E062 mifaeu_alMUSA HIGH LEVEL CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E063 mifueu_afMUSA HIGH FALLING CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E064 waimieuMUSA LOW CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E065 fimiar_euMUSA LOW RISING CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E066 famial_euMUSA LOW LEVEL CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E067 fumiaf_euMUSA LOW FALLING CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E068 puwaiuh_hiʊUMUSA HIGH NEAR-CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E069 pufiuh_arMUSA HIGH RISING NEAR-CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E06A pufauh_alMUSA HIGH LEVEL NEAR-CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E06B pufuuh_afMUSA HIGH FALLING NEAR-CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E06C waipuuhMUSA LOW NEAR-CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E06D fipuar_uhMUSA LOW RISING NEAR-CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E06E fapual_uhMUSA LOW LEVEL NEAR-CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E06F fupuaf_uhMUSA LOW FALLING NEAR-CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E070 nawaiih_hiɪIMUSA HIGH NEAR-CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E071 nafiih_arMUSA HIGH RISING NEAR-CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E072 nafaih_alMUSA HIGH LEVEL NEAR-CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E073 nafuih_afMUSA HIGH FALLING NEAR-CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E074 wainaihMUSA LOW NEAR-CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E075 finaar_ihMUSA LOW RISING NEAR-CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E076 fanaal_ihMUSA LOW LEVEL NEAR-CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E077 funaaf_ihMUSA LOW FALLING NEAR-CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E078 pawaiueh_hiʏYMUSA HIGH NEAR-CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E079 pafiueh_arMUSA HIGH RISING NEAR-CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E07A pafaueh_alMUSA HIGH LEVEL NEAR-CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E07B pafuueh_afMUSA HIGH FALLING NEAR-CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E07C waipaueh MUSA LOW NEAR-CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E07D fipaar_uehMUSA LOW RISING NEAR-CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E07E fapaal_uehMUSA LOW LEVEL NEAR-CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E07F fupaaf_uehMUSA LOW FALLING NEAR-CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E080 kawaieah_hiɐ
ʌ
ɜ
6
V
3
MUSA HIGH OPEN-MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E081 kafieah_arMUSA HIGH RISING OPEN-MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E082 kafaeah_alMUSA HIGH LEVEL OPEN-MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E083 kafueah_afMUSA HIGH FALLING OPEN-MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E084 waikaeahMUSA LOW OPEN-MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E085 fikaar_eahMUSA LOW RISING OPEN-MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E086 fakaal_eahMUSA LOW LEVEL OPEN-MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E087 fukaaf_eahMUSA LOW FALLING OPEN-MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E088 tawaieh_hiɛEMUSA HIGH OPEN-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E089 tafieh_arMUSA HIGH RISING OPEN-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E08A tafaeh_alMUSA HIGH LEVEL OPEN-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E08B tafueh_afMUSA HIGH FALLING OPEN-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E08C waitaeh MUSA LOW OPEN-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E08D fitaar_ehMUSA LOW RISING OPEN-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E08E fataal_ehMUSA LOW LEVEL OPEN-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E08F futaaf_ehMUSA LOW FALLING OPEN-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E090 sawaioh_hiɔOMUSA HIGH OPEN-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E091 safioh_arMUSA HIGH RISING OPEN-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E092 safaoh_alMUSA HIGH LEVEL OPEN-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E093 safuoh_afMUSA HIGH FALLING OPEN-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E094 waisaohMUSA LOW OPEN-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E095 fisaar_ohMUSA LOW RISING OPEN-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E096 fasaal_ohMUSA LOW LEVEL OPEN-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E097 fusaaf_ohMUSA LOW FALLING OPEN-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E098 chawaioeh_hiœ
ɞ
9
3\
MUSA HIGH OPEN-MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E099 chafioeh_arMUSA HIGH RISING OPEN-MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E09A chafaoeh_alMUSA HIGH LEVEL OPEN-MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E09B chafuoeh_afMUSA HIGH FALLING OPEN-MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E09C waichaoehMUSA LOW OPEN-MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E09D fichaar_oehMUSA LOW RISING OPEN-MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E09E fachaal_oehMUSA LOW LEVEL OPEN-MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E09F fuchaaf_oehMUSA LOW FALLING OPEN-MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0A0 mawaieuh_hiI\MUSA HIGH NEAR-CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0A1 mafieuh_arMUSA HIGH RISING NEAR-CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0A2 mafaeuh_alMUSA HIGH LEVEL NEAR-CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0A3 mafueuh_afMUSA HIGH FALLING NEAR-CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0A4 waimaeuhMUSA LOW NEAR-CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0A5 fimaar_euhMUSA LOW RISING NEAR-CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0A6 famaal_euhMUSA LOW LEVEL NEAR-CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0A7 fumaaf_euhMUSA LOW FALLING NEAR-CLOSE BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0A8 liwaiu_hiuuMUSA HIGH CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0A9 lifiu_arMUSA HIGH RISING CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0AA lifau_alMUSA HIGH LEVEL CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0AB lifuu_afMUSA HIGH FALLING CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0AC wailiu MUSA LOW CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0AD filiar_uMUSA LOW RISING CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0AE falial_uMUSA LOW LEVEL CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0AF fuliaf_uMUSA LOW FALLING CLOSE BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0B0 chiwaioe_hiø
ɵ
2
8
MUSA HIGH MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0B1 chifioe_arMUSA HIGH RISING MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0B2 chifaoe_alMUSA HIGH LEVEL MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0B3 chifuoe_afMUSA HIGH FALLING MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0B4 waichioeMUSA LOW MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0B5 fichiar_oeMUSA LOW RISING MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0B6 fachial_oeMUSA LOW LEVEL MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0B7 fuchiaf_oeMUSA LOW FALLING MID FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0B8 siwaio_hiooMUSA HIGH CLOSE-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0B9 sifio_arMUSA HIGH RISING CLOSE-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0BA sifao_alMUSA HIGH LEVEL CLOSE-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0BB sifuo_afMUSA HIGH FALLING CLOSE-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0BC waisio MUSA LOW CLOSE-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0BD fisiar_oMUSA LOW RISING CLOSE-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0BE fasial_oMUSA LOW LEVEL CLOSE-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0BF fusiaf_oMUSA LOW FALLING CLOSE-MID BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0C0 tiwaie_hieeMUSA HIGH CLOSE-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0C1 tifie_arMUSA HIGH RISING CLOSE-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0C2 tifae_alMUSA HIGH LEVEL CLOSE-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0C3 tifue_afMUSA HIGH FALLING CLOSE-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0C4 waitie MUSA LOW CLOSE-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0C5 fitiar_eMUSA LOW RISING CLOSE-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0C6 fatial_eMUSA LOW LEVEL CLOSE-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0C7 futiaf_eMUSA LOW FALLING CLOSE-MID FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0C8 kiwaiea_hiə
ɘ
ɤ
@
@\
7
MUSA HIGH MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0C9 kifiea_arMUSA HIGH RISING MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0CA kifaea_alMUSA HIGH LEVEL MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0CB kifuea_afMUSA HIGH FALLING MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0CC waikieaMUSA LOW MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0CD fikiar_eaMUSA LOW RISING MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0CE fakial_eaMUSA LOW LEVEL MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0CF fukiaf_eaMUSA LOW FALLING MID BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0D0 piwaiue_hiy
ʉ
y
}
MUSA HIGH CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0D1 pifiue_arMUSA HIGH RISING CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0D2 pifaue_alMUSA HIGH LEVEL CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0D3 pifuue_afMUSA HIGH FALLING CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0D4 waipiueMUSA LOW CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0D5 fipiar_ueMUSA LOW RISING CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0D6 fapial_ueMUSA LOW LEVEL CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0D7 fupiaf_ueMUSA LOW FALLING CLOSE FRONT ROUND VOWEL
E0D8 niwaii_hiiiMUSA HIGH CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0D9 nifii_arMUSA HIGH RISING CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0DA nifai_alMUSA HIGH LEVEL CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0DB nifui_afMUSA HIGH FALLING CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0DC wainii MUSA LOW CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0DD finiar_iMUSA LOW RISING CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0DE fanial_iMUSA LOW LEVEL CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0DF funiaf_iMUSA LOW FALLING CLOSE FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0E0 suwaiah_hiɑ
ɒ
O
Q
MUSA HIGH OPEN BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E1 sufiah_arMUSA HIGH RISING OPEN BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E2 sufaah_alMUSA HIGH LEVEL OPEN BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E3 sufuah_afMUSA HIGH FALLING OPEN BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E4 waisuahMUSA LOW OPEN BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E5 fisuar_ahMUSA LOW RISING OPEN BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E6 fasual_ahMUSA LOW LEVEL OPEN BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E7 fusuaf_ahMUSA LOW FALLING OPEN BACK ROUND VOWEL
E0E8 kuwaia_hiaaMUSA HIGH OPEN BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0E9 kufia_arMUSA HIGH RISING OPEN BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0EA kufaa_alMUSA HIGH LEVEL OPEN BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0EB kufua_afMUSA HIGH FALLING OPEN BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0EC waikua MUSA LOW OPEN BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0ED fikuar_aMUSA LOW RISING OPEN BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0EE fakual_aMUSA LOW LEVEL OPEN BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0EF fukuaf_aMUSA LOW FALLING OPEN BACK SPREAD VOWEL
E0F0 tuwaiae_hiæ{MUSA HIGH OPEN FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0F1 tufiae_arMUSA HIGH RISING OPEN FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0F2 tufaae_alMUSA HIGH LEVEL OPEN FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0F3 tufuae_afMUSA HIGH FALLING OPEN FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0F4 waituaeMUSA LOW OPEN FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0F5 fituar_aeMUSA LOW RISING OPEN FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0F6 fatual_aeMUSA LOW LEVEL OPEN FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0F7 futuaf_aeMUSA LOW FALLING OPEN FRONT SPREAD VOWEL
E0F8 roiwaier_hiɝ
ɚ
3`
@`
MUSA CENTRAL RHOTIC VOWEL
E0F9 roifier_arMUSA HIGH RISING CENTRAL RHOTIC VOWEL
E0FA roifaer_alMUSA HIGH LEVEL CENTRAL RHOTIC VOWEL
E0FB roifuer_afMUSA HIGH FALLING CENTRAL RHOTIC VOWEL
E0FC wairoierMUSA LOW CENTRAL RHOTIC VOWEL
E0FD firoiar_erMUSA LOW RISING CENTRAL RHOTIC VOWEL
E0FE faroial_erMUSA LOW LEVEL CENTRAL RHOTIC VOWEL
E0FF furoiaf_erMUSA LOW FALLING CENTRAL RHOTIC VOWEL
E100 yauyauxb--MUSA BREAK
E101 yaunuxp˜-˜MUSA PRENASAL PREFIX
E102 yaumiyhɰM\MUSA VELAR SEMIVOWEL
E103 yauchixcʔ? >\MUSA GLOTTAL STOP
E104 yausah hhMUSA UNVOICED GLOTTAL FRICATIVE
E105 yauliw ww WMUSA ROUND VELAR SEMIVOWEL
E106 yautavwʋP v\MUSA LABIODENTAL APPROXIMANT
E107 yausihwMUSA BACKING SEMIVOWEL
E108 yautihyMUSA FRONTING SEMIVOWEL
E109 yaukixe_oMUSA PHARYNGEAL SUFFIX
E10A yaupiywɥHMUSA ROUND PALATAL SEMIVOWEL
E10B yauniy jlMUSA PALATAL SEMIVOWEL
E10C yausuwhMUSA OPENING SEMIVOWEL
E10D yaukuhhɦ ``MUSA BREATHY GLOTTAL FRICATIVE
E10E yautuww´´MUSA UNVOICED VELAR SEMIVOWEL
E10F yauroiwrɻ ɹr\' r\MUSA RETROFLEX SEMIVOWEL
E110 nuyaun nnMUSA ALVEOLAR NASAL
E113 nuchingŋNMUSA VELAR NASAL
E116 nutangm͡ŋmNmMUSA LABIAL-VELAR NASAL
E118 nutim mm FMUSA BILABIAL NASAL
E119 nukinqɴN\MUSA UVULAR NASAL
E11A nupinjɲʲMUSA HUMMING NASAL
E11B nuninyɲJMUSA PALATAL NASAL
E11F nuroinrɳn'MUSA RETROFLEX NASAL
E120 miyaucdǀ|\MUSA DENTAL CLICK
E124 misacpǂ=\MUSA PALATAL CLICK
E125 miliclǁ|\|\MUSA LATERAL CLICK
E127 misicaǃ!\MUSA ALVEOLAR CLICK
E128 miticbʘO\MUSA BILABIAL CLICK
E130 chiyaud ddMUSA VOICED ALVEOLAR PLOSIVE
E133 chichig ɡgMUSA VOICED VELAR PLOSIVE
E134 chisadjʤdZMUSA VOICED HUSHING AFFRICATE
E135 chilidldKMUSA VOICED LATERAL AFFRICATE
E136 chitagb͡ɡbgbMUSA VOICED LABIAL-VELAR PLOSIVE
E137 chisidzʣdzMUSA VOICED HISSING AFFRICATE
E138 chitib bbMUSA VOICED BILABIAL PLOSIVE
E139 chikigqɢG\MUSA VOICED UVULAR PLOSIVE
E13A chipidzyʥdz\MUSA VOICED HUMMING AFFRICATE
E13B chinigyɟJ\MUSA VOICED PALATAL PLOSIVE
E13C chisudzrdz'MUSA VOICED RUSTLING AFFRICATE
E13F chiroidrɖd'MUSA VOICED RETROFLEX PLOSIVE
E140 sayaudhðDMUSA VOICED DENTAL FRICATIVE
E143 sachighɣGMUSA VOICED VELAR FRICATIVE
E144 sasazhʒZMUSA VOICED HUSHING SIBILANT
E146 sativ vv v\ PMUSA VOICED LABIODENTAL FRICATIVE
E147 sasiz zzMUSA VOICED HISSING SIBILANT
E148 satabhβBMUSA VOICED BILABIAL FRICATIVE
E149 sakighqʁRMUSA VOICED UVULAR FRICATIVE
E14A sapizyʑz\MUSA VOICED HUMMING SIBILANT
E14B sanighyʝj\MUSA VOICED PALATAL FRICATIVE
E14C sasuzrʐz'MUSA VOICED RUSTLING SIBILANT
E14D sakuq ʕ?\MUSA VOICED RADICAL FRICATIVE
E150 liyaul llMUSA ALVEOLAR LATERAL APPROXIMANT
E153 lichillʟL\MUSA VELAR LATERAL APPROXIMANT
E154 lisalzhʟ˔MUSA VOICED VELAR LATERAL FRICATIVE
E155 lilixddMUSA COLON
E157 lisilzɮK\MUSA VOICED ALVEOLAR LATERAL FRICATIVE
E15B linilyʎLMUSA PALATAL LATERAL APPROXIMANT
E15F liroilrɭl'MUSA RETROFLEX LATERAL APPROXIMANT
E160 tayautxt_hMUSA ASPIRATED ALVEOLAR PLOSIVE
E163 tachikxk_hMUSA ASPIRATED VELAR PLOSIVE
E164 tasachxʧʰtS_hMUSA ASPIRATED HUSHING AFFRICATE
E165 talitlxtɬʰtK_hMUSA ASPIRATED LATERAL AFFRICATE
E167 tasitsxʦʰts_hMUSA ASPIRATED HISSING AFFRICATE
E168 tatipxp_hMUSA ASPIRATED BILABIAL PLOSIVE
E169 takikqxq_hMUSA ASPIRATED UVULAR PLOSIVE
E16A tapitsyxʨʰts\_hMUSA ASPIRATED HUMMING AFFRICATE
E16B tafukyxc_hMUSA ASPIRATED PALATAL PLOSIVE
E16C tasutsrxtʂʰts'_hMUSA ASPIRATED RUSTLING AFFRICATE
E16F taroitrxt_hMUSA ASPIRATED RETROFLEX PLOSIVE
E170 siyauthcθʼD_>MUSA EJECTIVE DENTAL FRICATIVE
E173 sichikhcx_>MUSA EJECTIVE VELAR FRICATIVE
E174 sisashcʃʼS_>MUSA EJECTIVE HUSHING SIBILANT
E176 sitafcf_>MUSA EJECTIVE LABIODENTAL FRICATIVE
E177 sisiscs_>MUSA EJECTIVE HISSING SIBILANT
E179 sikikhqcχʼX_>MUSA EJECTIVE UVULAR FRICATIVE
E17A sipisycɕʼs\MUSA EJECTIVE HUMMING SIBILANT
E17C sisusrcʂʼs'MUSA EJECTIVE RUSTLING SIBILANT
E180 tiyautct_>MUSA EJECTIVE ALVEOLAR PLOSIVE
E183 tichikck_>MUSA EJECTIVE VELAR PLOSIVE
E184 tisachcʧʼtS_>MUSA EJECTIVE HUSHING AFFRICATE
E185 tilitlctɬʼtK_>MUSA EJECTIVE LATERAL AFFRICATE
E187 tisitscʦʼts_>MUSA EJECTIVE HISSING AFFRICATE
E188 titipcp_>MUSA EJECTIVE BILABIAL PLOSIVE
E189 tikikqcq_>MUSA EJECTIVE UVULAR PLOSIVE
E18A tipitsycʨʼts\_>MUSA EJECTIVE HUMMING AFFRICATE
E18B tinikycc_>MUSA EJECTIVE PALATAL PLOSIVE
E18C tisutsrctʂʼts'_>MUSA EJECTIVE RUSTLING AFFRICATE
E18F tiroitrcʈʼt'_>MUSA EJECTIVE RETROFLEX PLOSIVE
E190 kiyaudcɗd_<MUSA VOICED ALVEOLAR IMPLOSIVE
E193 kichigcɠg_<MUSA VOICED VELAR IMPLOSIVE
E198 kitibcɓb_<MUSA VOICED BILABIAL IMPLOSIVE
E199 kikigqcʛG\_<MUSA VOICED UVULAR IMPLOSIVE
E19B kinigycʄJ\_<MUSA VOICED PALATAL IMPLOSIVE
E19F kiroidrcd'_<MUSA VOICED RETROFLEX IMPLOSIVE
E1A0 piyaurx4_tMUSA UNVOICED ALVEOLAR TRILL
E1A4 pisalshʟ˔˚MUSA UNVOICED VELAR LATERAL FRICATIVE
E1A6 pitavwxʋʱP_t v\MUSA MURMURED LABIODENTAL APPROXIMANT
E1A7 pisilsɬKMUSA UNVOICED ALVEOLAR LATERAL FRICATIVE
E1AC pisulsrMUSA UNVOICED RETROFLEX LATERAL FRICATIVE
E1AF piroirhxɽʱr_tMUSA MURMURED RETROFLEX FLAP
E1B0 niyaunxn_tMUSA MURMURED ALVEOLAR NASAL
E1B3 nichingxŋʱN_tMUSA MURMURED VELAR NASAL
E1B8 nitimxm_tMUSA MURMURED BILABIAL NASAL
E1BB nininyxɲʱJ_tMUSA MURMURED PALATAL NASAL
E1BF niroinrxɳʱn'_tMUSA MURMURED RETROFLEX NASAL
E1C0 suyauthθtMUSA UNVOICED DENTAL FRICATIVE
E1C3 suchikhxx x\MUSA UNVOICED VELAR FRICATIVE
E1C4 susashʃSMUSA UNVOICED HUSHING SIBILANT
E1C6 sutaf ffMUSA UNVOICED LABIODENTAL FRICATIVE
E1C7 susis ssMUSA UNVOICED HISSING SIBILANT
E1C8 sutiphɸp\MUSA UNVOICED BILABIAL FRICATIVE
E1C9 sukikhqχXMUSA UNVOICED UVULAR FRICATIVE
E1CA supisyɕs\MUSA UNVOICED HUMMING SIBILANT
E1CB sunikhyçcMUSA UNVOICED PALATAL FRICATIVE
E1CC sususrʂs'MUSA UNVOICED RUSTLING SIBILANT
E1CD sukuqhħX\MUSA UNVOICED RADICAL FRICATIVE
E1D0 kuyaudxd_tMUSA BREATHY ALVEOLAR PLOSIVE
E1D3 kuchigxɡʱg_tMUSA BREATHY VELAR PLOSIVE
E1D4 kusadjxʤʱdZ_tMUSA BREATHY HUSHING AFFRICATE
E1D7 kusidzxʣʱdz_tMUSA BREATHY HISSING AFFRICATE
E1D8 kutibxb_tMUSA BREATHY BILABIAL PLOSIVE
E1D9 kukigqxɢʱG\_tMUSA BREATHY UVULAR PLOSIVE
E1DA kupidzyxʥʱdz\_tMUSA BREATHY HUMMING AFFRICATE
E1DB kunigyxɟʱj\_tMUSA BREATHY PALATAL PLOSIVE
E1DF kuroidrxɖʱd'_tMUSA BREATHY RETROFLEX PLOSIVE
E1E0 tuyaut ttMUSA TENUIS ALVEOLAR PLOSIVE
E1E3 tuchik kkMUSA TENUIS VELAR PLOSIVE
E1E4 tusachʧtSMUSA TENUIS HUSHING AFFRICATE
E1E5 tulitltKMUSA TENUIS LATERAL AFFRICATE
E1E6 tutakp͡kpkpMUSA TENUIS LABIAL-VELAR PLOSIVE
E1E7 tusitsʦtsMUSA TENUIS HISSING AFFRICATE
E1E8 tutip ppMUSA TENUIS BILABIAL PLOSIVE
E1E9 tukikqqqMUSA TENUIS UVULAR PLOSIVE
E1EA tupitsyʨʼts\MUSA TENUIS HUMMING AFFRICATE
E1EB tunikyʨ ccMUSA TENUIS PALATAL PLOSIVE
E1EC tusutsrtʂʼts'MUSA TENUIS RUSTLING AFFRICATE
E1ED tukuqkʡ>/MUSA TENUIS RADICAL PLOSIVE
E1EF turoitrʈt'MUSA TENUIS RETROFLEX PLOSIVE
E1F0 roiyaur ɾ4MUSA ALVEOLAR TAP
E1F4 roisarzr̝rMUSA FRICATIVE TRILL
E1F5 roilirlɺl\MUSA LATERAL FLAP
E1F6 roitabrMUSA LABIAL FLAP
E1F7 roisirrrrMUSA ALVEOLAR TRILL
E1F8 roitibrrʙB\MUSA BILABIAL TRILL
E1F9 roikirqʀR\MUSA UVULAR TRILL
E1FC roisurrrr_rMUSA RETROFLEX TRILL
E1FD roikuqrʕ ʢH\ <\MUSA RADICAL TRILL
E1FF roiroirhɽrMUSA RETROFLEX FLAP
CodepointLetter NameTransIPAX-SUnicode Name

Transliteration

The Trans colimn in the list above refers to the standard set of transliterations of Musa into the Roman alphabet. In the transliterations, the following letters have special meanings:


< Letter Names Digital Musa >


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