Malay is the national language of Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei and (with 3 others) Singapore. Since 1972, these countries share the same orthography based on the Roman alphabet, which is generally good except for a few flaws:
Musa solves all these problems.
Here are the consonants of Malay, with the current letters in black and IPA in green. Foreign sounds are on yellow.
| m m|| n n|| ny ɲ|| ng ŋ|
| p p|| t t|| c ʧ|| k k|
| b b|| d d|| j ʤ|| g g|
| w w|| s s|| y j|| h h|
| l l|| r r|
| f f|| sy ʃ|| kh x|
| v v|| z z|| ' ʔ|
In Malay, the final -ng in prefixes meng- and peng- assimilates to the following consonant, and this is written in Musa (as it is in the current orthography).
Final k is pronounced as a Catch and written as , while h between vowels is pronounced and written as a Break except when between two copies of the same vowel. Initial and final h can be pronounced or not - write it as you say it.
The standard languages use 6 vowels, but two more (in pink) are used in some dialects.
| i i|| u u|
| e e|| ê ə|| o o|
| e ɛ|| a a|| o ɔ|
| au aw|| ai aj|| oi ɔj|
Malay is usually written in the Alphabet gait.
Now that you've learned the letters, why don't you try reading a sentence?
|Satu bahasa tidak pernah cukup.|
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